The Well-Balanced Fitness Program

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What are the basic components of fitness?

The Well-Balanced Fitness Program

When you create a beginner fitness program, you will want to make sure to include exercises that satisfy the basic components of fitness. These include:

  • Strength: Strength is defined as the degree of force a muscle can exert in response to a specific amount of resistance. Weight training exercise, as well as resistance bands and tubes will help you build strength. Additionally, body weight exercises such as push-ups and crunches will also strengthen your body.
  • Power: In contrast to strength, power involves full out muscular contraction in movements that require explosive bursts of energy, such as jumping and sprinting.
  • Agility: Agility is defined as the ability to quickly react to outside stimuli without losing balance, stability or postural alignment. Jumping rope, playing catch, playing tag with a child or chasing your dog are excellent activities for developing agility.
  • Balance: People who have god balance are able to walk on icy sidewalks without falling down. You can improve your balance by working out on a stability ball or bosu, or by taking yoga or a Pilates class.
  • Flexibility: Flexibility is related to the range of motion at each of your joints. Yoga and Pilates help enhance flexibility.
  • Muscular Endurance: Muscular endurance is gained by performing higher repetitions in your strength training program.
  • Aerobic Endurance: Aerobic endurance is related to the heart's ability to deliver blood to the working muscles for an extended period of time.
  • Coordination: Coordination involves the ability of the muscles to work together to create fluid, harmonious movement. Step classes, aerobic classes, and cardio boxing classes improve coordination.

   

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